Material-based Design Computation: An Inquiry into Digital Simulation of Physical Material Properties
2007 Oxman, N. and J. L. Rosenberg, International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC), 5(1): 26-44
ABSTRACT: The paper demonstrates the association between geometry and material behavior, specifically the elastic properties of resin impregnated latex membranes, by means of homogenizing protocols which translate physical properties into geometrical functions. Resin-impregnation patterns are applied to 2-D pre-stretched form-active tension systems to induce 3-D curvature upon release.This method enables form-finding based on material properties, organization and behavior. Some theoretical foundations for material-computation are outlined.A digital tool developed in the Processing (JAVA coded) environment demonstrates the simulation of material behavior and its prediction under specific environmental conditions. Finally, conclusions are drawn from the physical and digital explorations which redefine generative material-based design computation, supporting a synergetic approach to design integrating form, structure, material and environment.